Young Hughes syndromeThe use of angiogenic biomarkers to differentiate non-HELLP related thrombocytopenia from HELLP syndrome.
The use of angiogenic biomarkers to differentiate non-HELLP related thrombocytopenia from HELLP syndrome.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010 May;23(5):366-70
Authors: Young B, Levine RJ, Salahuddin S, Qian C, Lim KH, Karumanchi SA, Rana S
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia (PE) is diagnosed using clinical criteria and in atypical cases the diagnosis may be inaccurate as there are no specific tests to confirm or exclude PE. This study sought to evaluate the utility of angiogenic biomarkers, sFlt1, sEng and PlGF to distinguish patients with gestational thrombocytopenia and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) from patients with thrombocytopenia resulting from the HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets) syndrome, a complication of severe PE. METHODS: Serum was collected and the angiogenic biomarkers of patients with ITP and gestational thrombocytopenia (N = 9) were compared to patients with HELLP (N = 11) and PE (N = 11). Circulating levels of these angiogenic biomarkers were also compared by gestational age to 1564 randomly selected normotensive women from the Calcium for Preeclampsia Prevention study. RESULTS: Patients with non-HELLP thrombocytopenia had lower sFlt1 (7.3 +/- 3.8 ng/ml vs. 15.5 +/- 5 ng/ml, P < 0.001), lower sEng (8.7 +/- 3.6 vs. 34 +/- 17, P < 0.001) and higher PlGF (484 +/- 412 vs. 66.3 +/- 44, P = 0.003) than patients with HELLP syndrome. Angiogenic factor abnormalities in patients with PE were similar to patients with HELLP syndrome, suggesting a common pathogenesis. Patients with non-HELLP thrombocytopenia had angiogenic profiles similar to normotensive controls, whereas patients with HELLP syndrome had levels higher than the 90th percentile for sFlt1 and sEng and lower than the 10th percentile for PlGF. CONCLUSIONS: Angiogenic biomarkers may be useful in excluding conditions that mimic PE.
PMID: 19701867 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]